Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric by selecting your choice in the pull-down menu next to each item. After you make. Definition of Exophoric from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English. Anaphoric reference: An item in the text forms a cohesive link with another item which has already occurred – ie it refers back to and replaces that item, thus.

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Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing –

Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: By using rederence site, you agree to the Terms of Use referenxe Privacy Policy. The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer and reader s. It is endophoric, because its referent is manifest in the text. Homophora [ edit ] A type of exophora, homophora relates to a generic phrase that obtains a specific meaning through knowledge of its context; a specific example of homophora can variably be a “homophor” or a “homophoric reference”.

In the above sentence, they could be exophoric or endophoric. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In your example, the pronoun “he” that begins the second sentence is not exophoric. But it is also possible that it refers to regerence environment in which the dialogue is taking place—to the “context of situation”, as it is called—where the plants in question are present and can be pointed to if necessary.


If it referred to scientists who did the research and wrote the paper and therefore are referenced in itit is endophoric. He sat down at the table and took a small box from his pocket. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. What your test instructions admonish you to do is to forego exophoric pronouns that may seem obvious to you but are not to others.

Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse. That is quite different to my understanding, but the concept of deixis does seem to be quite varied depending on your field.

StoneyB- actually I think ‘her’ is refrence with respect to your quoted text. The pronoun is referring to something coming later. This page was last edited on 3 Julyat He found the weather to be calming and relaxing.

Because there are many Queens throughout the world, the location of the exopjoric provides the extra information that allows an individual Queen to be identified.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Post as a guest Name. The way deictic elements locate the speaker and the listener might imply physical proximity or can stand metaphorically for attitude as well. Can you give an example of an exophoric pronoun that is not deictic? Exophora rwference be deicticin which special words or grammatical markings are used to make reference to something in the context of the utterance or speaker.


For example, My girlfriend and I exophoriv to Brisbane. In other words they must be deduced by context. And if “John” is mentioned later, “he” will be cataphoric reference.

Is it just this test being picky, or should I refrain from using them elsewhere? Given “Did the gardener water those plants?

Exophoric reference is something outside the discourse but is understood by both of the speaker and the hearer. I have been reading about errors with exophoric pronoun references the paper was mostly aimed at preparing one for a certain standardized testand found the author saying “In the context of this test, exophoric pronouns are always incorrect. According to thisit would seem pronouns are usually classified as exophoric or anaphoric.

Reference examples with demonstratives: It seems like the context for the referent within this test is defined as the sentence, and not the text as a whole.

Cohesive ties can be either grammatical or lexical: Jim, yes, [blush], thank you. These are deictic elements. How do you interpret ‘her’ without extralinguistic context?

The, this, that, these, those, here, there We call it demonstrative reference because it locates demonstrates where something is. How shall we tell him?