Stomatitis is inflammation of the mouth and lips. It refers to any inflammatory process affecting Inflammation of the corners (angles) of the lips is termed angular stomatitis or angular cheilitis. In children a frequent cause is repeated lip- licking. Dolor lingual, estomatitis angular en pacientes con déficit de hierro. Ojos Episcleritis o uveítis anterior en el % de las CU actiVas. Conjuntivitis leve. This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Angular Cheilitis. Spanish, Perleche, Queilosis angular, Queilitis angular, Estomatitis angular, queilosis.
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Stomatitis is inflammation of the mouth and lips. In its widest meaning, stomatitis can have a multitude of different causes and appearances. Common causes include infections, nutritional deficiencies, allergic reactions, radiotherapy, and many others.
When inflammation of the gums and the mouth generally presents itself, sometimes the term gingivostomatitis is used, though this is also sometimes used as a synonym for herpetic gingivostomatitis.
Malnutrition improper dietary intake or malabsorption poor absorption of nutrients into the body can lead to nutritional deficiency statesseveral of which can lead to stomatitis.
For example, deficiencies of ironvitamin B2 riboflavin: Iron is necessary for the upregulation of transcriptional elements for cell replication and repair. Lack of iron can cause genetic downregulation of these elements, leading to ineffective repair and regeneration of epithelial cells, especially in the mouth and lips.
Many disorders which cause malabsorption can cause deficiencies, which in estoomatitis causes stomatitis. Examples include tropical sprue. Aphthous stomatitis canker sores is the recurrent appearance of mouth ulcers in anvular healthy individuals.
The cause is not completely understood, but it is thought that the condition extomatitis a T cell mediated immune response which is triggered by anular variety of factors.
The individual ulcers aphthae recur periodically and heal completely, although in the more severe forms new ulcers may appear in other parts of the mouth before the old ones have finished healing. There is no cure for aphthous stomatitis,  and therapies are aimed at alleviating the pain, reducing the inflammation and promoting healing of the ulcers, but there is little evidence of efficacy for any treatment that has been used.
Inflammation of the corners angles of the lips is termed angular stomatitis or angular cheilitis. In children a frequent cause is repeated lip-licking, and in adults it may be a sign of underlying iron deficiency anemiaestoamtitis vitamin B deficiencies e. Estomaittis causes skin folds around the angle of the mouth which are kept moist by saliva, which in turn favours infection; mostly by Candida albicans or similar species. Treatment usually involves the administration of topical nystatin or similar antifungal agents.
Another treatment can be to correct the jaw relationship with dental treatment e. This is a common condition present in denture wearers. It appears as estimatitis but painless estomxtitis beneath the denture. Treatment is aangular antifungal medication and improved dental hygiene, such as not wearing the denture during sleep.
Allergic contact stomatitis also termed “allergic gingivostomatitis” or “allergic contact gingivostomatitis”  is a type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs in susceptible atopic individuals when allergens penetrate the skin or mucosa. Allergens, which may be different for different individuals, combine with epithelial -derived proteinsforming haptens which bind with Langerhans cells in the mucosa, which in turn present the antigen on their surface to T lymphocytessensitizing them to that antigen and causing them to produce many specific clones.
The second time that specific antigen is encountered, an inflammatory reaction is triggered at the site of exposure. Allergic anuglar stomatitis appears as non-specific inflammation, so it may be mistaken for chronic physical irritation.
Allergens that may cause allergic contact stomatitis in some individuals include cinnamaldehydeBalsam of Perupeppermintmercurygoldpyrophosphateszinc citratefree acrylic monomer, nickelfluorideand sodium lauryl sulfate.
The diagnosis is confirmed by patch testand management is by avoidance of exposure to the allergen. Migratory stomatitis or geographic stomatitis is an atypical presentation of a condition which normally presents on the tongue, termed geographic tongue. Geographic tongue is so named because there are atrophicerythematous areas of depapillation that migrate over time, giving a map-like appearance. In migratory stomatitis, other mucosal sites in the mouth, such as the ventral surface undersurface of the tongue, buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, soft palate, or floor of mouth may be afflicted with identical lesions, usually in addition to the tongue.
Another synonym for geographic tongue which uses the term stomatitis is “stomatitis areata migrans”.
This is inflammation of the mouth caused by herpes simplex virus. Stomatitis may also be caused by chemotherapy, estomatltis radiation therapy of the oropharyngeal area. The term necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis is sometimes used as a synonym of the necrotizing periodontal disease more commonly termed necrotizing ulcerative gingivitisor a more severe form also termed necrotizing stomatitis.
The term angulr gingivostomatitis is also sometimes used. Also called smoker’s palatal keratosis, : The palate appears dry and cracked, and white from keratosis.
The minor salivary glands appear as small, red and swollen bumps. It is not a premalignant conditionand the appearance reverses if the smoking is stopped. Chronic ulcerative stomatitis is a recently discovered condition with specific immunopathologic features. Lesions are located on the buccal mucosa inside of the cheeks or on the gingiva gums. The diagnosis is made with Immunofluorescence techniques, which shows circulating and tissue-bound autoantibodies particulate stratified squamous-epithelium-specific antinuclear antibody to DeltaNp63alpha protein, estomatiits normal component of the epithelium.
Treatment is with hydroxychloroquine. Terms such as plasma cell gingivostomatitis atypical gingivostomatitis and idiopathic gingivostomatitis   are sometimes a synonym for plasma cell gingivitis, or specifically to refer to a severe form of plasma cell gingivitis.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Stomatitis Kwashiorkor sufferers show signs of thinning hair, edemainadequate growth, and weight loss. See Necrotizing periodontal diseases. Stewart, Samuel Selesnick editors Differential diagnosis in otolaryngology — head and neck surgery. Textbook of gastroenterology 5th ed. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. Retrieved March 5, Retrieved March 6, Conn’s Current Therapy Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin: Clinical oral medicine and pathology.
Palliative care in clinical practice.
Compendium of continuing education in dentistry Jamesburg, N. Master dentistry volume 1, oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine 2nd ed. Oral and maxillofacial medicine: South African Dental Journal. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. Cheilitis, glossitis, gingivitis syndrome; atypical gingivostomatitis, plasma-cell gingivitis, plasmacytosis of gingiva”.
Angular Cheilitis Causes » A Complete List of Common Causes
Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology. Pocket atlas ahgular oral diseases 2nd ed. Oral and maxillofacial pathology K00—K06, K11—K14—, — Bednar’s aphthae Cleft palate High-arched palate Palatal cysts of the newborn Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia Stomatitis estomatihis Torus palatinus.
Oral mucosa — Lining of mouth. Squamous cell papilloma Keratoacanthoma Malignant: Adenosquamous carcinoma Basaloid squamous carcinoma Mucosal melanoma Spindle cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Verrucous carcinoma Oral florid papillomatosis Oral melanosis Smoker’s melanosis Pemphigoid Benign mucous membrane Pemphigus Plasmoacanthoma Stomatitis Aphthous Denture-related Herpetic Smokeless tobacco keratosis Submucous fibrosis Ulceration Riga—Fede disease Verruca vulgaris Verruciform xanthoma White sponge nevus.
Teeth pulpdentinenamel. Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures. Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption cyst Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.
Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws. Nasopalatine duct Median mandibular Median palatal Traumatic bone Osteoma Osteomyelitis Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonate-associated Neuralgia-inducing cavitational osteonecrosis Osteoradionecrosis Osteoporotic bone marrow defect Paget’s disease of bone Periapical abscess Phoenix abscess Periapical periodontitis Stafne defect Torus mandibularis.
Temporomandibular jointsmuscles of mastication and malocclusions — Jaw joints, chewing muscles and bite abnormalities. Benign lymphoepithelial lesion Ectopic salivary gland tissue Frey’s syndrome HIV salivary gland disease Necrotizing sialometaplasia Mucocele Ranula Pneumoparotitis Salivary duct stricture Salivary gland aplasia Salivary gland atresia Salivary gland diverticulum Salivary gland fistula Salivary gland hyperplasia Salivary gland hypoplasia Salivary gland neoplasms Benign: Basal cell adenoma Canalicular adenoma Ductal papilloma Monomorphic adenoma Myoepithelioma Oncocytoma Papillary estmoatitis lymphomatosum Pleomorphic adenoma Sebaceous adenoma Malignant: Orofacial soft tissues — Soft tissues around the mouth.
Eagle syndrome Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease. Lysosome granules biogenic amines Histamine Serotonin. Macrophage Epithelioid cell Giant cell Granuloma. Rubor Calor Tumor Dolor Functio laesa.
The stomatitis on the pictured infant indicates an accompanying Vitamin B deficiency. Palate Bednar’s aphthae Estomqtitis palate High-arched palate Palatal cysts of the newborn Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia Stomatitis nicotina Torus palatinus. Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption cyst Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.
Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws Agnathia Alveolar osteitis Buccal exostosis Cherubism Idiopathic osteosclerosis Anghlar fracture Microgenia Micrognathia Intraosseous cysts Odontogenic: