The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).
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Hence as ‘hasta’ form a distinct coded language which brings a unique poetic element while performing, so too when abhinaya traditional facial expressionspose attitudeand rhythm complete the language, the dancer may express practically anything and everything to an attentive audience.
Kuchipudi dancers used to be erratic, scintillating, rounded and fleet footed. Viniyoga Sloka Khatvahastobhavedeshaha Khatvaadishu Niyujyate. We hold the Anjali hasta above the head for the Gods, in front of the face for the teachers and in front of chest for the learned. It is used to show the receiving or carrying of rice, fruit, flowers and the taking or removing of water. Natural – the hastas expressing simple movements: To show Turtle, Tortoise.
Hastas hand gestures are the part of Angika Abhinaya and include the ways of expression through the physical body head, eyes, nose, hands etc. The first evolved into Bharat Natyam and the second into Kuchipudi. Each aspect of Abhinaya, or the expressive means available to people, is given a detailed description in such competent treatise as Natyashastra written by the great Bharatamuni.
Manas – mind 2. Although both of them are hand gestures we will call them hastas while asamyutx of a technical aspect of the dance and mudras if it assamyuta a necessary to distinguish a certain gesture in the dance kuchopudi has a certain meaning. Certain movements are characteristic to Kuchipudi. The main difference lies in the abhinaya.
There are 13 types of Samyuta mudras classified as follows- Anjali: Vachika Abhinaya – the expression through voice, speech and song.
About Kuchipudi Dance History
When the fingers of two hands are stretched out and intersected, it is the Karkata hasta. Used for the salutation to God, Teacher and the Learned. Vak – speech 3. This is a list of only a few hastamudras. With all that kuchipufi should distinguish the notions of hastas and mudras. Abhinaya Darpana mentions 28, 23 and 13 respectively. Natyashastra and Abhinaya Darpana. If the ring finger and the little finger of the Kapitta hasta are raised up and the middle finger is bent forward, then it is the Katakamukha hasta.
About Kuchipudi Dance History Delhi
It is used to express patience, intoxication, arrogance. When two hands in the Anjali position are folded as if holding a dove, it is the Kuchippudi hasta.
Viniyoga Sloka Aalinganaecha lajjayaam Angadaadipradarshanae Baalanaamshikshanechayaam Utsango yujyatae karaha. This page describes the different hand gestures used in Bharathanatyam. Sattvika Abhinaya dominates mainly in Nataka dramaAngika abhinaya is expressed in Nritta pure assamyuta, technique and they are both equally strong in Nritya solo dance.
There are some differences between them in either the number of hastas or in the number of their meanings.
To show an Alligator a crocodiletalking with fear, to show an argument and to praise. It is used to express weakness, darkness, faint, idleness, passionate love. The graceful, lasya oriented Kuchipudi gives significance to Vakyartha abhinaya go together.
Views Read Edit View history. All the fingers including the thumb are kept separately and their ends are slightly curved, it is the Padmakosha hasta. Symbolical – the gestures destined to portray such notions as beauty, power, opinion, male or female sex etc. Apart from the suggested viniyogasthe dancer may innovate, if found necessary, to convey the appropriate message to the audience.
If the thumb of the Mushti hasta is lifted up, it is the Shikhara hasta. When the ring finger of Arala hasta is bent, it is the Shukatunda hasta.
Commons category link is locally defined Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Viniyoga Sloka Bherundhapakshi Dampatyorbherundhaka Eteeritaha. Interpretive – the gestures imitating the most characteristic features of an object: The same holds true for viniyogas i.
Viniyoga Sloka Neeraajenavidhou baala Vaari Phaladikrehanaepicha Sandhyayaam marghyadaanecha Mantrapushpecha yujyathae.
When all fingers are separated from one another and are turned towards the palm in a circular way, it is the Alapadma hasta. To cover things and to show the sacred box in which the idols are placed.
Bharatanatyam on the other hand is Mudra oriented and gives significance to Padartha abhinaya, each word interpreted through mudras. When the thumb is bent outside, the rest of the fingers are brought together and the shape resembles a bow, it is the Ardhachandra hasta. One can express almost everything in dance with the help of hastas, but their usage must not be isolated from the body movements and the meaning must necessarily be supported by expressions of face and eyes.
When the fingers in the Padmakosha hasta are bent harder, it is the Urnanabha hasta because it resembles a spider. It shares many common features with Bharatnatyam. When two hands in the Arala position are crossed vertically at the wrist and are shifted to the left, it is the Swastika hasta.
To show a bird couple. There are various slokas verses from the ancient texts that enumerate the usage of the hastas.