Note that relevant formatting guidelines may have already been established. Please check this Index’s discussion page. Imbox Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata, English In Kern published at Leiden a text called the Āryabhatīya which claims to be the work. “warrior,” and bhatta means “learned man,” “scholar.” Āryabhatta is the spelling which would naturally be expected. However, all the metrical.

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From Arab, the Khanda-khadyaka reached Europe and had its impact on astronomy there. It seems probable to me that Brahmagupta had before him these two stanzas in their present form.

The material of this section was supplied by K. This arrangement has been followed aryabhagiya VateSvara A.

The Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata

The remainder being zero, the root is exact. Archived from the original on 14 September This monograph is based upon work done with me at the University of Chicago some five years ago by Baidyanath Sastri for the degree of A. Balachandra Rao [First published ]. PrthUdaka has also quoted a number of wnglish from some work of Latadeva.

Aryabhata – Wikipedia

He has also referred to his Mahabhaskariya-bhasya-vyakhya SiddhetntadipikS, which was written sometime after A. In the closing stanza of the Daiagitika-sutra, he says: The greatest declination of the Sun is the obliquity of the ecliptic. He may have believed engkish the planet’s orbits as elliptical rather than circular. In the case of Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, they move around the Earth at specific speeds, representing each planet’s motion through the zodiac.


The former occurs for the first tims in the BrShma-sphuta-siddhnnta of Brahmagupta ; the latter seems to be due to Bhaskara I. They merely serve to refer the consonants which do aryabhatlya numerical values to certain places.

Old, damaged and brittle. This is the fifth Rsine, i. See Universities in Ancient India, p. Kodandarama’s commentary b Commentaries in Telugu englisb The alphabetical system of numeral notation, i.

tranelation Commentaries by Somesvara, Yallaya A. Malayalam scriptPL palmleafCm. The product of the denominators of the fruit and the requisition should be multiplied by the numerater of the argument, and the product of the numerators of the fruit and the requisition should be multiplied by the denomi- nator of the argument.

The number of terms is obtained as follows: It is interesting to note that Aryabhat.

Index:Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata, English – Wikisource, the free online library

Since Thursday, the beginning of the current Kalpa, 6 Manus, 27 yugas and 3 quarter yugas had elapsed before the beginning of the current Kaliyuga lit. The avarga or “non-square” places are the second, fourth, sixth, etc. Catesby Taliaferro, Book II, p The text should, then, be translated as: This is the sixth Rsine.

However, Aryabhata did not use the Brahmi numerals. This 12th Rsine yields: Clark and Baladeva Misra, too, hold the same opinion. Such an interpretation, however, shows a complete misunderstanding of Indian planetary theory and is flatly contradicted by every word of Aryabhata’s description.



His teacher in astronomy was Damodara, son of the com- mentator ParameSvara Translatino. Its contents xxiii 2.

Aryabhata’s methods of astronomical calculations have been in continuous use for practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam Hindu calendar. In fact, modern names “sine” and “cosine” are mistranscriptions of the words jya and kojya as introduced by Aryabhata.

Bhaskara IBr.

Encyclopaedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. Other stanzas are clearly referred to but without direct quotations. This is the least integral solution of the problem. The varga letters take transslation numerical values 1, 2, 3, etc.

Gola-padaconsisting of 50 stanzas, deals wtih the motion of the Sue, Moon and the planets on the celestial sphere.

Ancient Indian Leaps Into Mathematics. The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential for many centuries. Rodet translates without rendering the word nava” separement ou a un groupe termini par un varga.

Is it capable of some different interpretation? In the second method it is not necessary to supply anything except “quotient” with matigunam in the first method it is necessary to supply “remainder”.