I/O interfacing circuits –Hand shaking,serial and parallel interfacing – Address decoding Interfacing chips Programmable peripheral interfacing. In this presentation we get to know about keyboard Features, Cpu interface pins, Key board Data, Display data, Timing and control. Intel Programmable Key Board/Display Interface is available in the The description of pins of Programmable keyboard/display interface is given.
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Keyboard Interface of The keyboard matrix can be any size from 2×2 to 8×8. To determine if a character has been typed, the FIFO status register is checked.
DD sets displays mode. Generates a basic timer interrupt that occurs at approximately The display is controlled from an internal 16×8 RAM that stores the coded display information.
Keyboard has a built-in FIFO 8 character buffer. Six Digit Display Interface of It is enabled only when D is low.
This mode is further classified into two output modes. The Shift input line status is kkeyboard along with every key code in FIFO in the scanned keyboard mode.
Selects the number of display positions, type of key scan Encoded mode and Decoded mode. The 74LS drives 0’s on one line at a time. Allows half-bytes to be blanked. The output becomes a logic 0 when the control word is written and remains there until N plus the number of programmed counts. This unit first scans the key closure row-wise, if found then the keyboard debounce unit debounces the key entry. Counter reloaded if G is pulsed again. In the scanned sensor matrix mode, this unit acts as sensor RAM where its each row is loaded with the status of their corresponding row of sensors into the matrix.
If more than 8 characters are entered in the FIFO, then it means more than eight keys are pressed at a time.
Intel – Wikipedia
Output that blanks the displays. Selects type of write and the address of the write. Interrupt request, becomes 1 when a key is pressed, data is available. Shift connects to Shift key on keyboard. Causes DRAM memory system to be refreshed. These are the Return Lines which are connected to one terminal of keys, while the other terminal of the keys is connected to the decoded scan lines.
Used internally for timing.
Scans and encodes up to a key keyboard. Provides a timing source to the internal speaker and other devices. RL pins incorporate internal pull-ups, no need for external resistor pull-ups. SL outputs are active-low only one low at any time. Generates a continuous square-wave with G set to 1. Once didplay, a procedure is needed to read data from the keyboard.
In the Polled modethe CPU periodically reads an internal flag of to check whether any key is pressed or not with key pressure. These are the output ports for two 16×4 or one 16×8 internal display refresh registers. It has an internal pull up. The address inputs select one of the four internal registers with the as follows: Each counter has a program control word used to select the way the counter operates.
When it is low, it indicates the transfer of data. Keyboard Interface of Z selects auto-increment for the address. Used for controlling real-time events such as real-time clock, events counter, and motor speed and direction control. The keyboard first scans the keyboard and identifies if any key has been keyboardd. Selects type of FIFO read and address of the read.
It has two modes i. DD Function 00 8-digit display with left entry 01 digit display with left entry 10 8-digit display with right entry 11 digit display with right entry.
Consists of bidirectional pins that connect to data bus on micro. Decoded keyboard with N-key rollover. Interface of WWBB The display write inhibit control word inhibits writing to either the leftmost 4 bits of the display left W or rightmost 4 bits.
Pinout Definition A0: Chip select that enables programming, reading the keyboard, etc. Interface of Code given in text for reading keyboard.